kidney and its function pdf

Kidney And Its Function Pdf

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Published: 25.04.2021

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped structures that are located just below and posterior to the liver in the peritoneal cavity. Adrenal glands, also called suprarenal glands, sit on top of each kidney.

Learn how the kidneys and kidney patients are affected here. Most people know that a major function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body.

Structure and function of normal kidneys

The kidneys are among the most vital organs of the human body. Malfunction of the kidneys can lead to serious illness or even death. Each kidney has a very complex structure and function. They have two important functions namely: to flush out harmful and toxic waste products and to maintain balance of water, fluids, minerals and chemicals i. The kidney produce urine by removing toxic waste products and excess water from the body. Urine formed in each kidney passes through the ureter, flows into bladder before finally being excreted through the urethra. The primary function of the kidney is to make urine and purify the blood.

Kidney Overview

Regulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs. Regulation of osmolarity. The kidneys help keep extracellular fluid from becoming too dilute or concentrated with respect to the solutes carried in the fluid. Regulation of ion concentrations. The kidneys are responsible for maintaining relatively constant levels of key ions including sodium, potassium and calcium.

Structure and function of normal kidneys

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs present in all vertebrates. They remove waste products from the body, maintain balanced electrolyte levels, and regulate blood pressure. The kidneys are some of the most important organs. The Ancient Egyptians left only the brain and kidneys in position before embalming a body, inferring that the held a higher value. In this article, we will look at the structure and function of the kidneys, diseases that affect them, and how to keep the kidneys healthy.

Nephron , functional unit of the kidney , the structure that actually produces urine in the process of removing waste and excess substances from the blood. There are about 1,, nephrons in each human kidney. The most primitive nephrons are found in the kidneys pronephros of primitive fish, amphibian larvae, and embryos of more advanced vertebrates.

What do the kidneys do?

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5 comments

Fleur M.

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs in the renal system.

REPLY

Ivany V.

The kidneys are two reddish-brown bean-shaped organs found in vertebrates.

REPLY

Terri F.

The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs present in all vertebrates.

REPLY

Keith H.

PDF | In this chapter we explain: The basic anatomy and physiology of the kidney How kidney function changes through life | Find, read and cite.

REPLY

Ava W.

Kidney failure, also known as end-stage kidney disease, occurs when the kidneys are no longer able to adequately remove waste from your blood and control the level of fluid in your body.

REPLY

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