Wellhead And Christmas Tree Equipment Pdf
File Name: wellhead and christmas tree equipment .zip
Christmas Tree is connected to the top of the tubing and cemented to the top of the casing. The Christmas tree is the heart of the offshore hydrocarbon production system.
- API SPEC 6A : Specification for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment
- My Reading on Specifications for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment Chapter 1 ~ 9
- Christmas Tree and Wellhead: Function, Components, Difference, Design Codes
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API SPEC 6A : Specification for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment
Some of the oil reservoirs consists high volume of acid substances, such as hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide, which requires very reliable and tested materials for equipment. REIN is ready to process your requirements and provide the best solution for your effective and safe operation. Each day in oilfields is measured by either big losses or revenues for the operation companies. That is why, it is important to receive the flow-control and production equipment on time. REIN is always at your service when you give us a first call. There is always a psychological battle between the sellers and buyer. The buyer wishes to purchase at the lowest price, while the seller wishes to sell at the highest price.
In the complicated but vital industry of drawing oil and gas out of the earth and getting it to the surface, people often get confused about the difference between a Christmas tree assembly and a wellhead. Although the terms are used interchangeably, they are not the same piece of equipment. Each has valves and related equipment that help it control and guide the flow of this precious resource. A Christmas tree is an assembly of valves, spools and fittings used for oil, gas, water injection, water disposal, gas injection, condensate and other types of wells. It is named for its resemblance to a decorated tree at Christmas.
Schuh, F. This document is significantly changed-from the previous 14th Edition of Spec 6A. It introduces a concept of "Product Specification Levels" PSL's which represent different levels or aggregations of technical requirements for equipment manufactured in accord with the specification. Also described are temperature and retained-fluid requirements which equipment must meet. Included are design methods, more detailed material, and welding and quality control requirements.
My Reading on Specifications for Wellhead and Christmas Tree Equipment Chapter 1 ~ 9
ISO (Modified), Petroleum and natural gas industries-Drilling and production equipment-. Wellhead and Christmas tree equipment.
Christmas Tree and Wellhead: Function, Components, Difference, Design Codes
API flanges are manufactured for high strength operating refinery systems with products such as oil and explosive gases. CCT Open Interfaces. A short summary of this paper.
A Christmas Tree comprises a series of valves, spools, a choke, and connection. It used for production or injection wells such as oil wells, gas wells, water injection wells, water disposal wells, etc. A wellhead must be present in order to utilize a Christmas tree and is used without a Christmas tree during drilling operations.