Main Subject List Of Union State And Concurrent Liststate List Union List And Concurrent List Pdf
File Name: main subject list of union state and concurrent liststate list union list and concurrent list .zip
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- Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union and the States
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Topics Covered:. Concurrent List of the Indian Constitution. The Constitution of India has provided for a division of powers between the Central and state governments. Debate over Centralisation of power:. Since , the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution has seen a number of amendments.
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It includes the power to be considered by both the union and state government. Unlike the federal governments of the United States, Switzerland or Australia, residual powers remain with the Union Government , as with the Canadian federal government. Uniformity is desirable but not essential on items in the concurrent list. There is an exception to this in cases "where a law is made by the Legislature of a State with respect to one of the matters enumerated in the Concurrent List contains any provision repugnant to the provisions of an earlier law made by Parliament or an existing law with respect to that matter, then, the law so made by the Legislature of such State shall, if it has been reserved for the consideration of the President and has received his assent, prevail in that State. Provided that nothing in this clause shall prevent Parliament from enacting at any time any law with respect to the same matter including a law adding to, amending, varying or repealing the law so made by the Legislature of the State.
Taxes on the sale or purchase of goods other than newspapers, where such sale or purchase takes place in the course of inter-State trade or commerce. Taxes on the consignment of goods whether the consignment is to the person making it or to any other person , where such consignment takes place in the course of inter-State trade or commerce. If any provision of a law made by the Legislature of a State is repugnant to any provision of a law made by Parliament which Parliament is competent to enact, or to any provision of an existing law with respect to one of the matters enumerated in the Concurrent List, then, the law made by Parliament, whether passed before or after the law made by the Legislature of such State, or, as the case may be, the existing law, shall prevail and the law made by the Legislature of the State shall, to the extent of the repugnancy, be void. Provided that nothing in this clause shall prevent Parliament from enacting at any time any law with respect to the same matter including a law adding to, amending, varying or repealing the law so made by the Legislature of the State. Uniformity is desirable but not essential on items in the concurrent list.
Vedantu academic counsellor will be calling you shortly for your Online Counselling session. Related Questions. The correct number of subjects in the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution is? Answer Verified. Hint: We know that there are three lists in the seventh schedule of the constitution of India, namely Union list, State list and Concurrent list Complete answer: Out of the three lists given in the Constitution, the matters under concurrent list are the only ones which can be legislated by both Central and State governments.
As such, there was no need for safeguards to protect States. On account of the exigencies of the situation, the Indian federation has acquired characteristics which are quite different from the American model. Legislation by a State can be disallowed by the President, when reserved by the Governor for his consideration. Again these ideas are found in the Canadian Constitution though not in the Constitution of the U. The bulk of the Constitution can be amended by a Bill in the Union Parliament being passed by a special majority. It is possible for the Union Parliament to reorganise the States or to alter their boundaries by a simple majority in the ordinary process of legislation.
This article is written by Arkadyuti Sarkar , a student of B. This article discusses extensively the distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States. India, in the Constitution, has been described as a federation of States.
Defence of India 2. Naval, military and air forces; any other armed forces of the Union 2A. Deployment of any armed force of the Union in any state in aid of the civil power 3. Cantonment areas and local self-govermment in such areas 4. Naval, military and air force works 5.
The Union List or List-I is a list of 98 numbered items after st Constitutional amendment act , entry 92 and 92c removed the last item is numbered 97 given in Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India on which Parliament has exclusive power to legislate. Unlike the federal governments of the United States, Switzerland or Australia, residual powers remain with the Union Government , as with the Canadian federal government. There are 98 items on the list.
Distribution of Legislative Powers between the Union and the States
Since the inauguration of the Indian constitution on January 26, , these three inter-linked ordinances constitute the most concerted entry of the Centre into the sphere of agriculture, which was designated a state subject in the constitution. The various constitutional amendments made after contributed to a continuing process of invasion by the Centre but the Essential Commodities Amendment Ordinance takes this process to a higher scale and is certainly the most devastating attack so far on the federal rights of states in agriculture. The seventh schedule of the Indian constitution has three lists. List I refers to the subjects under the Centre or the Union, List II refers to the state list and List III refers to the concurrent list where the states and the Centre are co-sharers of power and responsibility. If we were to deduce from this that agriculture is a state subject under the constitution, that would be formally correct. However, some other provisions of the constitution in the Union list and in the concurrent list have provided legal justifications for central interventions in the sphere of agriculture.
The Constitution of India is the supreme law governing the country. It frames fundamental political principles, procedures, practices, rights, powers, and duties of the government. The constitutional provisions in India on the subject of distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States are defined under several articles and schedules.
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