Terry Eagleton Criticism And Ideology Pdf
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E agleton , T erry.
Marxist literary criticism
Eagleton has published over forty books, but remains best known for Literary Theory: An Introduction , which has sold over , copies. He has also been a prominent critic of postmodernism , publishing works such as The Illusions of Postmodernism and After Theory He argues that, influenced by postmodernism, cultural theory has wrongly devalued objectivity and ethics. His thinking is influenced by Marxism and by Christian faith. His mother's side of the family had strong Irish republican sympathies.
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Marxism was introduced by Karl Marx. Most Marxist critics, who were writing in what could chronologically be specified as the early period of Marxist literary criticism, subscribed to what has come to be called " Vulgar Marxism. Therefore, literary texts are a reflection of the economic base rather than "the social institutions from which they originate" for all social institutions, or, more precisely human—social relationships, are in the final analysis determined by the economic base. According to Marxists, even literature itself is a social institution and has a specific ideological function, based on the background and ideology of the author. The English literary critic and cultural theorist Terry Eagleton defines Marxist criticism this way:. Marxist criticism is not merely a 'sociology of literature', concerned with how novels get published and whether they mention the working class. Its aim is to explain the literary work more fully; and this means a sensitive attention to its forms, styles and, meanings.
Terry Eagleton!~Ijlner: al Culture' locates English literary criticism as the absent centre of the tions and perplcxities of relations between ideologies and.
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Neetens W. Eagleton Terry. In: Revue belge de philologie et d'histoire , tome 63, fasc.
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Its objective is to assist in the supersession of these particularisms and the re-composition of their problem-areas into a conceptually unified domain under the command of historical materialism. Criticism and Ideology is also and very evidently a transitional work, not only by virtue of the place that it will come to occupy in a lengthening sequence of books, but also, as Eagleton himself observes, because of the modifications and developments of argument that occur within it, in a compositional series whose order is not that of the published volume. The remarks that follow are made on this understanding; what they represent is not a critique—as of a consolidated intellectual position, in the name of a stable alternative—or even a comprehensive review of the standard kind, but a series of notes, neither complete nor conclusive, written in counterpoint to some key themes invoked in or arising from the book. Criticism and Ideology is the first major study in Marxist literary theory to be written in England in forty years—that is an important part of its distinction. It is also, Eagleton would add, the cause of its embarrassment. It is to feel acutely bereft of a tradition, as a tolerated house-guest of Europe, a precocious but parasitic alien.
Marx, Engels and criticism. 1. Base and superstructure. 3. Literature and superstructure. 8. Literature and ideology. 2 Form and content. History and form.