Plant Genetic Resources And Food Security Pdf
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- Plant genetic resources and food security
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- Plant Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge for Food Security
- International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
It aims to achieve the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits derived from their use to achieve sustainable agriculture and food security. The Treaty recognizes the significant contribution of farmers to the diversity of crops that feed the world, and seeks to protect traditional knowledge and increase participation in decision-making processes.
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is a pivotal piece of recent legislation, providing a route map for the use of such resources for sustainable agriculture and food security. This book explains clearly the different interests and views at stake between all players in the global food chain. It touches upon many issues such as international food governance and policy, economic aspects of food and seed trade, conservation and sustainable use of food and agricultural biodiversity, hunger alleviation, ecological concerns, consumers' protection, fairness and equity between nations and generations, plant breeding techniques and socio-economic benefits related to food local economies.
Plant genetic resources and food security
Download this publication. Full library record. The sixth in a series of Guides to the implementation of particular international instruments and concepts, it seeks to promote greater understanding of the Treatys text, including some of the scientific, technical and legal issues upon which it is founded, and possible implications. Download this publication Full library record Details Publication Year:. Publication ID:. The entry into force of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture marks the commitment of the world community to a freestanding convention directed at addressing both global needs for food security and internationally agreed objectives regarding the concepts of access and benefit-sharing found in the Convention on Biological Diversity.
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With exponentially increasing population across the globe and shrinking resources, the concern of food security is looming large over the world community. To catch up with the fierce pace of growth in all the sectors of development, ensuring uninhibited availability of food resources is a prime agenda. The growing global demand for food, feed, fiber and bio-based renewable materials, such as bio-fuels, is changing the conditions for genetic resources development and bio-resource production worldwide. The crucial role in ensuring food security is played by the agro-based industries and enterprises. Advances in plant genetic resources coupled with traditional knowledge of the local tribes and native practices facilitate achievement of food security. Salgotra, R.
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture ,  also known as ITPGRFA , International Seed Treaty or Plant Treaty  is a comprehensive international agreement in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity , which aims at guaranteeing food security through the conservation , exchange and sustainable use of the world's plant genetic resources for food and agriculture PGRFA , the fair and equitable benefit sharing arising from its use, as well as the recognition of farmers' rights. It was signed in in Madrid, and entered into force on 29 June There are contracting parties to the Plant Treaty Member States and 1 intergovernmental organization , the European Union as of February The treaty recognises farmers' rights , subject to national laws to: a the protection of traditional knowledge relevant to plant genetic resources for food and agriculture; b the right to equitably participate in sharing benefits arising from the utilisation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture; and c the right to participate in making decisions , at the national level, on matters related to the conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. However, as Regine Andersen of the farmers' rights project,  among others, including Olivier De Schutter , the UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food ,  argue, the interpretation and realisation of farmers' rights is weak and is not the same across all countries. Without a consistent, strong international focus on the realising the rights of farmers who conserve and sustainably use PGRFA to save, use, exchange and sell seeds saved on-farm, genetic variety of crops and related agricultural biodiversity will suffer.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. After a short introduction about the international legal architecture that governs genetic resources and, in particular, plant genetic resources, I will describe what has already been achieved in the context of the international treaty, which is the creation of a multilaterally governed gene pool of more than 1 million accessions of plant genetic material and which constitutes a commons for biological materials. Next, I will discuss the steps that the governing body of the treaty decided on in June of this year, which is developing policy for the intangible elements of this global gene pool. Finally, I will end with a few reflections on operationalizing such open knowledge environments as they are foreseen in this treaty. In the ITPGRFA you already find something resembling an integrated commons linking both material and digital data and databases within a distributed and open access framework. Furthermore, it has a larger framework in its federated network of gene banks and of information portals that is now being established, which is being administered by a governing body made up of the contracting parties of the treaty.
on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture / Christine Frison, Francisco López available online at ieee-citisia.org and at.
Plant Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge for Food Security
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International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
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