difference between traditional african education and western education pdf

Difference Between Traditional African Education And Western Education Pdf

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Mkandawire Sitwe Benson similarities and differences between indigenous African education and that type of education which was brought by the missionaries. The discussion will start with aims, objectives, organization, administration, content and the methods of teaching.

Compare and contrast indigenous education with modern education

Nevertheless, studying abroad may not be as easy and straightforward as you might think. Therefore, before you start choosing an institution, you should research the education system of the destination country. Perhaps, the first thing international students notice is that they have to participate in class activities. Yes, instead of the usual passive learning, you will have to take part in debates, carry out group projects and make presentations. The Western education system is student-oriented, developing such qualities as critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and generating new ideas.

Differences between Traditional and Modern Education

From the midth century to the closing years of the 18th century, new social, economic, and intellectual forces steadily quickened—forces that in the late 18th and the 19th centuries would weaken and, in many cases, end the old aristocratic absolutism. The European expansion to new worlds overseas had stimulated commercial rivalry. The new trade had increased national wealth and encouraged a sharp rise in the numbers and influence of the middle classes. These social and economic transformations—joined with technological changes involving the steam engine and the factory system —together produced industrialism, urbanization , and the beginnings of mass labour. At the same time, intellectuals and philosophers were assaulting economic abuses, old unjust privileges, misgovernment, and intolerance. Their ideas, which carried a new emphasis on the worth of the individual—the citizen rather than the subject—helped to inspire political revolutions, sometimes successful, sometimes unsuccessful.

Education is the imparting and acquiring of knowledge through teaching and learning, especially at a school or similar institution. The earliest educational processes involved sharing information about gathering food and providing shelter; making weapons and other tools; learning language; and acquiring the values, behaviour, and religious rites or practices of a given culture. Before the invention of reading and writing, people lived in an environment in which they struggled to survive against natural forces, animals, and other humans. To survive, preliterate people developed skills that grew into cultural and educational patterns. Education developed from the human struggle for survival and enlightenment. It may be formal or informal.

Traditional education, also known as back-to-basics , conventional education or customary education , refers to long-established customs that society traditionally used in schools. Some forms of education reform promote the adoption of progressive education practices, a more holistic approach which focuses on individual students' needs and self-control. In the eyes of reformers, traditional teacher-centered methods focused on rote learning and memorization must be abandoned in favor of student-centered and task-based approaches to learning. Depending on the context, the opposite of traditional education may be progressive education , modern education the education approaches based on developmental psychology , or alternative education. The definition of traditional education varies greatly with geography and by historical period. The chief business of traditional education is to transmit to a next generation those skills, facts, and standards of moral and social conduct that adults consider to be necessary for the next generation's material and social success. Teachers are the instruments by which this knowledge is communicated and these standards of behavior are enforced.

Traditional education

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Western education in the 19th century

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