Apply Existing Knowledge And Techniques To Technology And Transfer Pdf
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Obvious but elusive to be captured precisely and in a single definition. Technology transfer is where engineering, science, business, law, and sometimes government meet and cross each other. Nevertheless, here are some near-definitions gathered from unknown sources:.
Knowledge transfer and learning: problems of knowledge transfer associated with trying to short-circuit the learning cycle. Address for correspondence. Knowledge is considered to be a key organizational resource in the 21 st century and the knowledge management 'movement' has alerted organizations to the fact that they should more strategically exploit their knowledge assets. Companies are thus lured by the suggestion that they can gain competitive advantage by the more astute management of their knowledge base and in particular, by the transfer of knowledge across individuals, groups and organizational units, using IT to accomplish this.
Technology Transfer Methods
Visit Us Contact Us. Innovation plays an important role in driving economic growth and addressing socio-economic, social and environmental challenges. While innovation is not limited to the technology sector, technological advances greatly contribute to the global development and the improvement of the well-being of people. WIPO supports mutually-beneficial technology transfer through patent information services, innovation support programs and tools, projects and activities by WIPO Committees, public-private partnerships and dispute resolution services. We also organize knowledge transfer-related activities, including capacity building and training on transfer of technology. Patent information is widely used to stimulate research and development processes, facilitate licensing and technology transactions and analyze technology markets.
Knowledge transfer is recognized as a fundamental issue for organizations. This research aims at investigating the knowledge transfer process, and finding out the most efficient and effective strategies to support it. Particularly, the research is focused on studying support strategies based on the use of technology. The paper proposes a model that describes both knowledge acquisition and practice. The model predicts that a better understanding of knowledge transfer can be achieved by distinguishing organizational similarity from dissimilarity, training from fertilization, and autonomous from interactive practice. This is particularly helpful to discuss what the role and value of technology are in supporting knowledge transfer in organizations effectively. Albino, V.
According to Carayannis et al. In the United States especially, the technology transfer experience has pointed to multiple transfer strategies, two of which are the most significant: 1 the licensing of intellectual property rights and 2 extending property rights and technical expertise to developing firms. Technology transfer is a fast-growing activity in the U. The exact nature of this activity is difficult to pin down, partly because the term has many different connotations. Some of the varieties of technology transfer commonly discussed in business periodicals such as the Wall Street Journal include:. While all four types of technology transfer are of concern to businesses, this overview will deal mostly with the first two types. International technology transfer and North-South technology transfer these activities tend to be driven directly by foreign policy and national defense concerns, while the other two types are driven by a balance of corporate and policy interests.
When choosing a transfer method, it is necessary to understand that the more complex is the technology, the closer should the connections be between the buyer and the supplier. Licensing is an agreement under which the owner of a patent, trademark or other intellectual property gives permission to another company to use the technology developed by him her , in a certain area during a certain period of time. There are two main types of licenses: 1 one which grants an exclusive right to use the technology; 2 another with non-exclusive right, which implies that the patent owner may transfer the right to use the technology to other companies in the same area. Additionally, the licensing agreement could include a sublicensing clause which permits the licensee to grant to someone else the right to use the technology. However, the purchase of a license requires sufficient knowledge, experience, relevant expertise and manufacturing base for the further in-house technology implementation.
Technology Transfer is the intersection between business, science, engineering, law and government T echnology transfer is the process by which basic science research and fundamental discoveries are developed into practical and commercially relevant applications and products. Technology Transfer personnel evaluate and manage invention portfolios, oversee patent prosecution, negotiate licensing agreements and periodically review cooperative research agreements already in place. Part of the technology transfer process involves the prosecution of patents which is overseen by the national Patent and Trademark Office. Individuals with advanced degrees in the biomedical sciences are needed to review and process patents in the biotechnology field.
Abstract. International technology transfer occurs frequently in international operations, for example in cases of foreign direct investment where companies set-up existing locations, he did not elaborate on how a technology or production line should be knowledge in these phases through mechanisms such as sharing of.
Organization and technology in knowledge transfer
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