Vitamins And Their Functions Sources And Deficiency Diseases Pdf
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- Vitamins: Their Functions and Sources
- Listing of vitamins
- Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases
The list of vitamins and minerals below can give you an understanding of how particular different types of vitamins and minerals work in your body, how much of each nutrient you need every day , and what types of food to eat to ensure that you are getting an adequate supply. The recommendations in this vitamins chart are based largely on guidelines from the Institute of Medicine. Recommended amounts of different types of vitamins may be expressed in milligrams mg , micrograms mcg , or international units IU , depending on the nutrient.
Water-soluble vitamins and their functions Leafy green vegetables, soybeans, dairy products, meats, legumes and vegetables are some of the sources of Vitamin K. Vitamin K deficiency. Water-soluble vitamins Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys.
Vitamins: Their Functions and Sources
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. B vitamins are a group of eight essential nutrients that play roles in many organs and bodily systems. Although they can work together in the body, they also carry out their own unique functions. In this article, we explore the function of B vitamins in the body and some key dietary sources of each.
Listing of vitamins
Vitamins are a group of substances that are needed for normal cell function, growth, and development. There are 13 essential vitamins. This means that these vitamins are required for the body to work properly. They are:. Each of the vitamins listed below has an important job in the body.
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E, and K. They are present in foods containing fats. The body absorbs these vitamins as it does dietary fats.
Vitamin C is an absolute requirement when it comes to wound healing and collagen synthesis. Folate deficiency is often accompanied by vitamin B12 deficiency. Recommended amounts of different types of vitamins may be expressed in milligrams mg , micrograms mcg , or international units IU , depending on the nutrient. Water-soluble vitamins Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. B vitamins are a group of eight related nutrients. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses.
Function. Deficiency Symptoms. Toxicity Symptoms. Major Food Sources supplies essential fatty acids; carries fat-soluble vitamins A Wilson's disease – copper de- posits in the cornea; cirrhosis of liver; deterioration of neurologi- cal.
Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases
Vitamin C and its supplements have marked effect on reducing the risks of cancer, cardiac and respiratory diseases. Vitamin deficiency can cause health problems. So it should be taken in required quantities through other sources such as the food we take, vitamin capsules etc. Functions of Vitamins. Based on their role in biological processes and their effect different vitamins have different functions, their function can be best understood by knowing about their deficiency diseases.
The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels. But niacin, vitamin B6, folate, choline, and vitamin C have upper consumption limits.
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