physical science grade 12 work energy and power notes pdf

Physical Science Grade 12 Work Energy And Power Notes Pdf

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Review of Work, Energy and Power

In Grade 10, you saw that mechanical energy was conserved in the absence of non-conservative forces. It is important to know whether a force is an conservative force or an non-conservative force in the system, because this is related to whether the force can change an object's total mechanical energy when it does work on an object. For example, as an object falls in a gravitational field from a high elevation to a lower elevation, some of the object's potential energy is changed into kinetic energy. However, the sum of the kinetic and potential energies remain constant. We can investigate the effect of non-conservative forces on an object's total mechanical energy by rolling a ball along the floor from point A to point B. Find a nice smooth surface e.

Any force which conserves mechanical energy, as opposed to a nonconservative force. See statement of conservation of mechanical energy. Property of conservative forces which states that the work done on any path between two given points is the same. The energy of configuration of a conservative system. For formulae, see Definition of potential energy, gravitational potential energy, and Definition of potential energy given a position-dependent force.

We perform various types of work in our daily life. To perform work, we need energy. We cannot do work without energy. Work is said to be done when the force acts upon an object to cause a displacement. Energy is the capacity of doing work.

Introduction to work and energy

Skip to main content. Search form Search. Law of conservation of energy worksheet middle school. Law of conservation of energy worksheet middle school law of conservation of energy worksheet middle school Grade: High School Disclaimer and Safety Precautions Education. Law of conservation of energy is a false idea.

Register Now. Hey there! We receieved your request. This signifies, when the force and displacement are in same direction, work done is positive. This work is said to be done upon the body. This signifies, when the force and displacement are in opposite direction, work done is negative. This work is said to be done by the body.

Question 6. The sign of work done by a force on a body is important to understand. State carefully if the following quantities are positive or negative: a Work done by a man in lifting a bucket out of a well by means of a rope tied to the bucket, b Work done by gravitational force in the above case, c Work done by friction on a body sliding down an inclined plane, d Work done by an applied force on a body moving on a rough horizontal plane with uniform velocity, e Work done by the resistive force of air on a vibrating pendulum in bringing it to rest. Compute the a Work done by the applied force in 10 s b Work done by friction in 10 s c Work done by the net force on the body in 10 s d Change in kinetic energy of the body in 10 s and interpret your results. Given figures are examples of some potential energy functions in one dimension. The total energy of the particle is indicated by a cross on the ordinate axis. In each case, specify the regions, if any, in which the particle cannot be found for the given energy.

Work,Energy and Power

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In physics , energy is the quantitative property that must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat , the object. The SI unit of energy is the joule , which is the energy transferred to an object by the work of moving it a distance of 1 metre against a force of 1 newton. Common forms of energy include the kinetic energy of a moving object, the potential energy stored by an object's position in a force field gravitational , electric or magnetic , the elastic energy stored by stretching solid objects, the chemical energy released when a fuel burns , the radiant energy carried by light, and the thermal energy due to an object's temperature.

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Но Стратмор смотрел на молодого сотрудника лаборатории систем безопасности. Коммандер спускался по лестнице, ни на мгновение не сводя с него глаз. Он быстро подошел к ним и остановился в нескольких сантиметрах от дрожащего Чатрукьяна. - Вы что-то сказали. - Сэр, - задыхаясь проговорил Чатрукьян.

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