Name Of Drugs And Their Uses Pdf
File Name: name of drugs and their uses .zip
- Cookies on the NHS England and NHS Improvement website
- Types of Heart Medications
- Drug Index A to Z
- Sample List of Brand Drugs and Their Generic Equivalents
If you've had a heart attack , you will most likely be prescribed medication that you will take for the rest of your life. There are many types and combinations of drugs used to treat coronary artery disease CAD , and your doctor or other health care provider will decide the best treatment combination for your situation.
Cookies on the NHS England and NHS Improvement website
Information on commonly used drugs with the potential for misuse or addiction can be found here. For drug use trends, see our Trends and Statistics page. People drink to socialize, celebrate, and relax. Why does alcohol cause people to act and feel differently? How much is too much? Why do some people become addicted while others do not? The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism is researching the answers to these and many other questions about alcohol. While drinking alcohol is itself not necessarily a problem— drinking too much can cause a range of consequences, and increase your risk for a variety of problems.
A tea made in the Amazon from a plant Psychotria viridis containing the hallucinogen DMT, along with another vine Banisteriopsis caapi that contains an MAO inhibitor preventing the natural breakdown of DMT in the digestive system, which enhances serotonergic activity.
It was used historically in Amazonian religious and healing rituals. Medications that slow brain activity, which makes them useful for treating anxiety and sleep problems. A powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. For more information, see the Cocaine Research Report. Dimethyltriptamine DMT is a synthetic drug that produces intense but relatively short-lived hallucinogenic experiences; it is also found naturally in some South American plants see Ayahuasca.
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate GHB is a depressant approved for use in the treatment of narcolepsy, a disorder that causes daytime "sleep attacks". An opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance extracted from the seed pod of various opium poppy plants.
For more information, see the Heroin Research Report. Solvents, aerosols, and gases found in household products such as spray paints, markers, glues, and cleaning fluids; also prescription nitrites.
For more information, see the Inhalants Research Report. A dissociative drug used as an anesthetic in veterinary practice. Dissociative drugs are hallucinogens that cause the user to feel detached from reality. Pronounced "cot," a shrub Catha edulis found in East Africa and southern Arabia; contains the psychoactive chemicals cathinone and cathine. People from African and Arabian regions up to an estimated 20 million worldwide have used khat for centuries as part of cultural tradition and for its stimulant-like effects.
A tropical deciduous tree Mitragyna speciosa native to Southeast Asia, with leaves that contain many compounds, including mitragynine, a psychotropic mind-altering opioid. Kratom is consumed for mood-lifting effects and pain relief and as an aphrodisiac. For more information, see the Kratom DrugFacts. A hallucinogen manufactured from lysergic acid, which is found in ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains.
LSD is an abbreviation of the scientific name l ysergic acid diethylamide. Marijuana is made from the hemp plant, Cannabis sativa. The main psychoactive mind-altering chemical in marijuana is deltatetrahydrocannabinol, or THC.
For more information, see the Marijuana Research Report. A synthetic, psychoactive drug that has similarities to both the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. MDMA is an abbreviation of the scientific name 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine. For more information, see the Hallucinogens DrugFacts. An extremely addictive stimulant amphetamine drug. For more information, see the Methamphetamine Research Report.
Psychoactive when taken in higher-than-recommended amounts. An anti-diarrheal that can cause euphoria when taken in higher-than-recommended doses. A dissociative drug developed as an intravenous anesthetic that has been discontinued due to serious adverse effects. PCP is an abbreviation of the scientific name, phencyclidine. Pain relievers with an origin similar to that of heroin. Opioids can cause euphoria and are often used nonmedically, leading to overdose deaths.
Pregnancy: Miscarriage, low birth weight, neonatal abstinence syndrome. Older adults: higher risk of accidental misuse because many older adults have multiple prescriptions, increasing the risk of drug-drug interactions, and breakdown of drugs slows with age; also, many older adults are treated with prescription medications for pain.
Medications that increase alertness, attention, energy, blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing rate. A hallucinogen in certain types of mushrooms that grow in parts of South America, Mexico, and the United States. It has been used to commit sexual assaults due to its ability to sedate and incapacitate unsuspecting victims.
Man-made substances used to treat conditions caused by low levels of steroid hormones in the body and misused to enhance athletic and sexual performance and physical appearance. A wide variety of herbal mixtures containing man-made cannabinoid chemicals related to THC in marijuana but often much stronger and more dangerous.
An emerging family of drugs containing one or more synthetic chemicals related to cathinone, a stimulant found naturally in the khat plant. Examples of such chemicals include mephedrone, methylone, and 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone MDPV.
For more information, see the Synthetic Cathinones DrugFacts. Tobacco is a plant grown for its leaves, which are dried and fermented before use. Tobacco contains nicotine, an addictive chemical. Nicotine is sometimes extracted from the plant and is used in vaping devices. National Institutes of Health. Drug Topics. More Drug Topics. Quick Links. About NIDA. Commonly Used Drugs Charts. Expand All. August 20, Strong hallucinations including altered visual and auditory perceptions; increased heart rate and blood pressure; nausea; burning sensation in the stomach; tingling sensations and increased skin sensitivity.
It is not known whether ayahuasca is addictive. There are no FDA-approved medications to treat addiction to ayahuasca or other hallucinogens. More research is needed to find out if ayahuasca is addictive and, if so, whether behavioral therapies are effective. Drowsiness, slurred speech, poor concentration, confusion, dizziness, problems with movement and memory, lowered blood pressure, slowed breathing. Sleep medications are sometimes used as date rape drugs.
Risk of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles. Must be discussed with a health care provider; barbiturate withdrawal can cause a serious abstinence syndrome that may even include seizures.
There are no FDA-approved medications to treat addiction to prescription sedatives; lowering the dose over time must be done with the help of a health care provider. More research is needed to find out if behavioral therapies can be used to treat addiction to prescription sedatives.
Cocaine hydrochloride topical solution low dose anesthetic used in certain medical procedures. Narrowed blood vessels; enlarged pupils; increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure; headache; abdominal pain and nausea; euphoria; increased energy, alertness; insomnia, restlessness; anxiety; erratic and violent behavior, panic attacks, paranoia, psychosis; heart rhythm problems, heart attack; stroke, seizure, coma.
Loss of sense of smell, nosebleeds, nasal damage and trouble swallowing from snorting; infection and death of bowel tissue from decreased blood flow; poor nutrition and weight loss; lung damage from smoking.
Pregnancy: premature delivery, low birth weight , deficits in self-regulation and attention in school-aged children prenatally exposed.
Depression, tiredness, increased appetite, insomnia, vivid unpleasant dreams, slowed thinking and movement, restlessness. Intense visual hallucinations, depersonalization, auditory distortions, and an altered perception of time and body image, usually peaking in about 30 minutes when drank as tea.
Physical effects include hypertension, increased heart rate, agitation, seizures, dilated pupils. It is not known whether DMT is addictive. More research is needed to find out if DMT is addictive and, if so, whether behavioral therapies are effective.
Euphoria, drowsiness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, memory loss, unconsciousness, slowed heart rate and breathing, lower body temperature, seizures, coma, death. Insomnia, anxiety, tremors, sweating, increased heart rate and blood pressure, psychotic thoughts. Collapsed veins; abscesses swollen tissue with pus ; infection of the lining and valves in the heart; constipation and stomach cramps; liver or kidney disease; pneumonia.
Pregnancy: miscarriage, low birth weight, neonatal abstinence syndrome. Restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps "cold turkey".
Methadone Buprenorphine Naltrexone short- and long-acting forms. Various household products Amyl nitrite a prescription solution is used to relieve pain of angina attacks chest pain. Paint thinners or removers, degreasers, dry-cleaning fluids, gasoline, lighter fluids, correction fluids, permanent markers, electronics cleaners and freeze sprays, glue, spray paint, hair or deodorant sprays, fabric protector sprays, aerosol computer cleaning products, vegetable oil sprays, butane lighters, propane tanks, whipped cream aerosol containers, refrigerant gases, ether, chloroform, halothane, nitrous oxide, prescription nitrites.
Nitrites: enlarged blood vessels, enhanced sexual pleasure, increased heart rate, brief sensation of heat and excitement, dizziness, headache.
Liver and kidney damage; bone marrow damage; limb spasms due to nerve damage; brain damage from lack of oxygen that can cause problems with thinking, movement, vision, and hearing. Nitrites: increased risk of pneumonia. Pregnancy: low birth weight, bone problems, delayed behavioral development due to brain problems, altered metabolism and body composition. More research is needed to find out if behavioral therapies can be used to treat inhalant addiction.
When misused: Injected, snorted, smoked powder added to tobacco or marijuana cigarettes , swallowed Prescription formulas are injections or nasal sprays. Problems with attention, learning, and memory; dreamlike states, hallucinations; sedation; confusion; loss of memory; raised blood pressure; unconsciousness; dangerously slowed breathing. Sometimes used as a date rape drug. There are no FDA-approved medications to treat addiction to ketamine or other dissociative drugs.
Types of Heart Medications
This is because an unacceptable level of a probable carcinogen cancer-causing agent was found in some extended-release metformin tablets. If you currently take this drug, call your healthcare provider. They will advise whether you should continue to take your medication or if you need a new prescription. This article previously mentioned Belviq, a diet pill. This is due to an increased number of cancer cases in people who took Belviq compared to a placebo. People who are taking it should stop using the pill and talk with their healthcare provider about alternative weight management strategies. Diabetes is a disorder of blood sugar levels.
Most medicines come in a variety of types or formats. Be aware, though, that some medicines particularly rare or unusual ones only come in one type. Also, some may be more effective in one type than another. Many common liquids are now available without any added colouring or sugar. The active ingredient is combined with another substance and pressed into a round or oval solid shape. There are different types of tablet.
The resources below have been provided to help narrow your search to specific, targeted drug information. Information is available for both consumers and healthcare professionals on over 24, prescription and over the counter medicines available primarily in the USA. Multum leaflets provide basic consumer drug information, such as drug descriptions and interactions, details of possible side effects and the effects of missed doses and overdosing, as well as instructions for use. The leaflets are available in English and Spanish. IBM Watson Micromedex Advanced Consumer Information provides comprehensive consumer information pertaining to a wide variety of drugs, such as a list of commonly used brand names, drug descriptions, warnings and precautions, and detailed information on the proper use of each drug. A wholly independent staff of drug information pharmacists and other professional editorial and analytical staff thoroughly research AHFS DI content.
PDF | Drugs (medicines) are considered either the primary therapy or an adjunct to understand the mode and action by which drugs exert their therapeutic effects. example, sildenafil is the generic name of a medicine used to treat erectile.
Drug Index A to Z
Use the A to Z list below to find consumer-friendly information about drugs for cancer and conditions related to cancer. The list is in alphabetical order by generic name and brand name. You can also find this information on our pages organized by cancer type and cancer-related condition:. This page lists and links to NCI's pages of drugs approved for specific types of cancer in adults and children. This page lists and links to NCI's pages of drugs approved for specific types of cancer in children.
Sample List of Brand Drugs and Their Generic Equivalents
Medication data were collected in the National Nursing Home Survey. The PDF files below provide useful information about how these data were collected and provide resources to help data users analyze the medication data. Persons with disabilities who experience problems accessing PDF files should contact nchsed cdc. The first file, the technical notes, contains information on how the medication data were collected and processed. The data dictionary gives the layout of the variables in this public-use file. The last two files provide key information to help data users 1 search for medications by brand, generic, and ingredient names and 2 analyze the medication data in the public-use file. The technical notes provide general information on how the medication data were collected, how one can download the PM Public-use File, and how to link the PM Public-Use File with the resident file.
A drug is any substance that causes a change in an organism's physiology or psychology when consumed. Consumption of drugs can be via inhalation , injection , smoking , ingestion , absorption via a patch on the skin, suppository , or dissolution under the tongue. In pharmacology , a drug is a chemical substance, typically of known structure, which, when administered to a living organism, produces a biological effect.
The resources below have been provided to help narrow your search to specific, targeted drug information. Information is available for both consumers and healthcare professionals on over 24, prescription and over the counter medicines available primarily in the USA. Multum leaflets provide basic consumer drug information, such as drug descriptions and interactions, details of possible side effects and the effects of missed doses and overdosing, as well as instructions for use. The leaflets are available in English and Spanish. IBM Watson Micromedex Advanced Consumer Information provides comprehensive consumer information pertaining to a wide variety of drugs, such as a list of commonly used brand names, drug descriptions, warnings and precautions, and detailed information on the proper use of each drug. A wholly independent staff of drug information pharmacists and other professional editorial and analytical staff thoroughly research AHFS DI content. Authors incorporate clinical research findings, therapeutic guidelines, and Food and Drug Administration FDA approved labeling to ensure that monographs include an evidence-based foundation for safe and effective drug therapy.
Download PDF of Emergency Drug & Their Actions List by WHO from who.int
This act is intended to prevent the non-medical use of certain drugs. For this reason it controls not just medicinal drugs which will also be in the Medicines Act but also drugs with no current medical use. The law defines a series of offences including: unlawful supply; intent to supply, import or export and unlawful production. The main difference from the Medicines Act is that the Misuse of Drugs Act also prohibits unlawful possession. Class A: These include: cocaine and crack, ecstasy, MDMA added in Jan sentencing guidelines — see below , heroin, LSD, methadone, methamphetamine crystal meth , fresh and prepared magic mushrooms. Class B: These include: amphetamine not methamphetamine , barbiturates, codeine, ketamine, synthetic cannabinoids such as Spice and cannabis medicinal cannabis is now legal in the UK and can be prescribed by specialist doctors from 1st November All cathinone derivatives, including mephedrone, methylone, methedrone and MDPV were brought under control as Class B substances in
This is because an unacceptable level of a probable carcinogen cancer-causing agent was found in some extended-release metformin tablets. If you currently take this drug, call your healthcare provider. They will advise whether you should continue to take your medication or if you need a new prescription. Diabetes is a condition that leads to high levels of blood glucose or sugar in the body. Insulin is a substance that helps your body use the sugar from the food you eat. There are two different types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
If you need alcohol treatment while practicing physical distancing, there are several professionally led treatment and mutual-support group options available to you.