Accessories And Attachments Of Lathe Machine Pdf
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Hello Readers, today in this paper we will discuss Lathe Machine's Accessories and Attachments, after complete reading this article you will understand the devices which are used in lathe machine, and able to differentiate between Lathe Accessories and Attachments.
- Accessories and Attachments of Lathe Machine
- automatic lathe machine pdf
- Lathe-Types, Parts, Feed Mechanisms, Specifications,Lathe Accessories and Attachments,Lathe...
- Accessories with Their Functions Used For Lathe Machine
Accessories and Attachments of Lathe Machine
Accessories are the tools and equipment used in routine lathe machining operations. Attachments are special fixtures that may be mounted on the lathe to expand the use of the lathe to include taper cutting, milling, and grinding. Some of the common accessories and attachments are described in the following paragraphs.
It is mounted in the T-slot of the compound rest. A forged tool or a tool holder is inserted in the slot in the tool post. By tightening a setscrew, you will firmly clamp the whole unit in place with the tool in the desired position. These angles must be considered with respect to the angles ground on the tools and the angle that the tool holder is set with respect to the axis of the work.
Two types of tool holders that differ slightly from the common tool holders are those used for threading and knurling. The threading tool holder has a formed cutter which needs to be ground only on the top surface for sharpening. Since the thread form is accurately shaped over a large arc of the tool, as the surface is worn away by grinding, the cutter can be rotated to the correct position and secured by the setscrew.
A knurling tool holder carries two knurled rollers which impress their patterns on the work as it revolves. The purpose of the knurling tool is to provide a roughened surface on round metal parts, such as knobs, to give a better grip in handling. The knurled rollers come in a variety of patterns. Left-Hand Turning Tool. The cutting edge is on the right side of the tool, and the top of the tool slopes down away from the cutting edge.
Round-Nosed Turning Tool. This tool is for general-purpose machine work and is used for taking light roughing cuts and finishing cuts. Usually, the top of the cutter bit is ground with side rake so the tool may be fed from right to left. Sometimes this cutter bit is ground flat on top so the tool may be fed in either direction. Right-Hand Turning Tool. This is just the opposite of the left-hand turning tool and is designed to cut when it is fed from right to left.
The cutting edge is on the left side. This is an ideal tool for taking roughing cuts and for all-around machine work. Left-Hand Facing Tool. This tool is intended for facing on the left-hand side of the work. The direction of feed is away from the lathe center. The cutting edge is on the right-hand side of the tool, and the point of the tool is sharp to permit machining a square corner. Threading Tool.
The point of the threading tool is ground to a degree included angle for machining V-form screw threads. Usually, the top of the tool is ground flat, and there is clearance on both sides of the tool so it will cut on both sides. Right-Hand Facing Tool. This tool is just the opposite of the left-hand facing tool and is intended for facing the right end of the work and for machining the right side of a shoulder.
Square-Nosed Parting Cutoff Tool. The principal cutting edge of this tool is on the front. Both sides of the tool must have sufficient clearance to prevent binding and should be ground slightly narrower at the back than at the cutting edge. This tool is convenient for machining necks and grooves and for squaring comers and cutting off. Boring Tool. The boring tool is usually ground the same shape as the left-hand turning tool so that the cutting edge is on the right side of the cutter bit and may be fed in toward the headstock.
Inside-Threading Tool. Boring and inside-threading tools may require larger relief angles when used in small diameter holes. It is mounted on the nose of the spindle. The work is held by jaws which can be moved in radial slots toward the center of the chuck to clamp down on the sides of the work. These jaws are moved in and out by screws turned by a special chuck wrench. The four-jaw independent lathe chuck is the most practical chuck for general work The four jaws are adjusted one at a time, making it possible to hold work of various shapes and to adjust the center of the work to coincide with the axis of the spindle.
The jaws are reversible. The three-jaw universal or scroll chuck can be used only for holding round or hexagonal work all three jaws move in and out together in one operation and bring the work on center automatically.
This chuck is easier to operate than the four-jaw type, but, when its parts become worn, its accuracy in centering cannot be relied upon. Proper lubrication and constant care are necessary to ensure reliability.
The draw-in collet chuck is used to hold small work for machining in the lathe. It is the most accurate type of chuck made and is intended for precision work. The collet, which holds the work, is a split-cylinder with an outside taper that fits into the tapered closing sleeve and screws into the threaded end of the hollow drawbar.
As the hand wheel is turned clockwise, the drawbar is moved toward the hand wheel. This tightening up on the drawbar pulls the collet back into the tapered sleeve, thereby closing it firmly over the work and centering the work accurately and quickly. The size of the hole in the collet determines the diameter of the work the chuck can handle. Faceplates The faceplate is used for holding work that, because of its shape and dimensions, cannot be swung between centers or in a chuck.
The T-slots and other openings on its surface provide convenient anchors for bolts and clamps used in securing the work to it. The faceplate is mounted on the nose of the spindle. The driving plate is similar to a small faceplate and is used mainly for driving work that is held between centers. The primary difference between a faceplate and a driving plate is that a faceplate has a machined face for precision mounting, while the face of a driving plate is left rough. When a driving plate is used, the bent tail of a dog clamped to the work is inserted into a slot in the faceplate.
This transmits rotary motion to the work. Lathe Centers The degree lathe centers provide a way to hold the work so it can be turned accurately on its axis. Live and dead centers have shanks turned to a Morse taper to fit the tapered holes in the spindles; both have points finished to an angle of They differ only in that the dead center is hardened and tempered to resist the wearing effect of the work revolving on it.
The live center revolves with the work and is usually left soft. There is a groove around the hardened dead center to distinguish it from the live center. The centers fit snugly in the tapered holes of the headstock and tailstock spindles.
If chips, dirt, or burrs prevent a perfect fit in the spindles, the centers will not run true. To remove the headstock center, insert a brass rod through the spindle hole and tap the center to jar it loose; then pull it out with your hand. To remove the tailstock center, run the spindle back as far as it will go by turning the hand wheel to the left. When the end of the tailstock screw bumps the back of the center, it will force the center out of the tapered hole. Lathe Dogs Lathe dogs are used with a driving plate or faceplate to drive work being machined on centers; the frictional contact alone between the live center and the work is not sufficient to drive the work The common lathe dog is used for round work or work having a regular section square, hexagon, and octagon.
The piece to be turned is held firmly in the hole A by the setscrew B. The bent tail C projects through a slot or hole in the driving plate or faceplate so that when the tail revolves with the spindle it turns the work with it. The clamp dog may be used for rectangular or irregularly shaped work. Such work is clamped between the jaws,. Center Rest The center rest, also called the steady rest, is used for the following purposes:.
To provide an intermediate support for long slender bars or shafts being machined between centers. The center rest prevents them from springing, or sagging, as a result of their otherwise unsupported weight.
To support and provide a center bearing for one end of the work, such as a shaft, being bored or drilled from the end when it is too long to be supported by a chuck alone. The center rest is clamped in the desired position on the bed and is kept aligned by the ways. The jaws A must be carefully adjusted to allow the work B to turn freely and at the same time remain accurately centered on the axis of the lathe.
The top half of the frame is a hinged section C for easier positioning without having to remove the work from the centers or to change the position of the jaws. Follower Rest The follower rest is used to back up small diameter work to keep it from springing under the cutting pressure.
It can be set to either precede or follow the cutting action. It is attached directly to the saddle by bolts B. The adjustable jaws bear directly on the part of the work opposite the cutting tool. Taper Attachment The taper attachment is used for turning and boring tapers. It is bolted to the back of the carriage. In operation, it is connected to the cross slide so that it moves the cross slide traversal as the carriage moves longitudinally, thereby causing the cutting tool to move at an angle to the axis of the work to produce a taper.
The desired angle of taper is set on the guide bar of the attachment. The guide bar support is clamped to the lathe bed Since the cross slide is connected to a shoe that slides on this guide bar, the tool follows along a line parallel to the guide bar and at an angle to the work axis corresponding to the desired taper. The operation of the taper attachment will be further explained under the subject of taper work.
Thread Dial Indicator The thread dial indicator, shown in figure , eliminates the need to reverse the lathe to return the carriage to the starting point each time a successive threading cut is taken. The dial, which is geared to the lead screw, indicates when to clamp the half-nuts on the lead screw for the next cut.
The threading dial consists of a worm wheel which is attached to the lower end of a shaft and meshed with the lead screw. On the upper end of the shaft is the dial. As the lead screw revolves, the dial is turned and the graduations on the dial indicate points at which the half- nuts may be engaged. Carriage Stop The carriage stop can be attached to the bed at any point where the carriage should stop.
automatic lathe machine pdf
Accessories are the tools and equipment used in routine lathe machining operations. Attachments are special fixtures that may be mounted on the lathe to expand the use of the lathe to include taper cutting, milling, and grinding. Some of the common accessories and attachments are described in the following paragraphs. It is mounted in the T-slot of the compound rest. A forged tool or a tool holder is inserted in the slot in the tool post.
Lathe is a machine tool which holds the work between two rigid and strong supports, called centers, or in a chuck or face plate. The cutting tool is rigidly held and supported in a tool post and is fed against the revolving work. While the work revolves about its own axis, the tool is made to move either parallel to Cylindrical surface or at an angle with the axis Tapered surface to cut the desired material. Simplest of all types of lathe Contains Bed, Headstock, Tailstock, Tool post on adjustable slide No feed box, Lead screw, Carriage Headstock spindle speed to rpm Applications: Wood working, spinning, polishing etc. Types of Lathe 2. Engine or Center lathe Most widely used Early lathes were driven by steam engines and so the name engine lathe Heavy duty Head stock is much more robust in construction Contains additional mechanism for multiple speeds Carriage, Feed rod and Lead screw are available and hence, longitudinal and.
Skip to content. All Homes Search Contact. We provide high-precision, high-speed and high-rigidity products in line with customers' needs, underpinned by the precision technologies we have been developing ever since TSUGAMI was first established. It is necessary for turning angles and boring short tapers. Tool setting gauge is used for this purpose. The cross slide is first made free from lead screw by hinder screw. There is a hole throughout spindle for handling long bar work.
Lathe Machine Accessories: · Face Plate · Catch plate or Dog plate · Mandrel · Steady rest · Follower rest · Chuck.
Lathe-Types, Parts, Feed Mechanisms, Specifications,Lathe Accessories and Attachments,Lathe...
In this article, you will learn what are different Lathe Attachments and Accessories for lathe machine and also you can download the PDF file of this article at the end. A lathe is a machine that holds the workpiece on a chuck and tool on a toolpost, the lathe machine rotates the workpiece about an axis to perform different lathe operations such as turning, facing, chamfering, thread cutting, knurling, drilling and more with tools that are applied to the workpiece to design an object with symmetry about that axis. Read more on: 22 Different Types of Lathe Operations. The most common methods of holding the workpiece in a lathe are between the two centres i. The different types of centres are used for different types of workpieces and also for specific purposes.
Accessories with Their Functions Used For Lathe Machine
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Knowing how to use a lathe and lathe accessories helps you to make better Millwrights typically do not operate these machines for days on end, so it is A taper attachment allows a lathe to cut a taper by causing the carriage and the cross-.