hospital anxiety and depression scale form pdf

Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale Form Pdf

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Published: 19.04.2021

Depression and anxiety are common features of all forms of multiple sclerosis MS and have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, everyday functioning and rehabilitation outcome.

Metrics details. This study aimed to translate and test the reliability and validity of the Iranian version of the HADS. The questionnaire was administered to a consecutive sample of breast cancer patients and statistical analysis was performed to test the reliability and validity of the HADS. Cronbach's alpha coefficient to test reliability has been found to be 0. Validity as performed using known groups comparison analysis showed satisfactory results.

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)

The HADS was developed to provide clinicians with an acceptable, reliable, valid and easy to use practical tool for identifying and quantifying depression and anxiety. The HADS can be used in a variety of settings e. The HADS is not intended as a complete diagnostic tool, but as a means for identifying general hospital patients who need further psychiatric evaluation and assistance Herrmann, Items: The HADS is a self-administered measure with 14 items in total that ask the client to reflect on their mood in the past week. Seven items assess depression, 5 of which are markers for anhedonia an inability to experience pleasure , and 2 concern appearance and feelings of slowing down.

Box , Hawthorn, Victoria , Melbourne, Australia. Research suggests there is a high prevalence of anxiety and depression amongst patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain, which can influence the effectiveness of rehabilitation programs. It is therefore important for clinicians involved in musculoskeletal rehabilitation programs to consider screening patients for elevated levels of anxiety and depression and to provide appropriate counselling or treatment where necessary. The HADS has been used as a screening tool for assessment of anxiety and depression in a wide variety of clinical groups. Recent research however has questioned its suitability for use with some patient groups due to problems with dimensionality and the behaviour of individual items. The aim of this study is to assess the underlying structure and psychometric properties of the HADS among patients attending musculoskeletal rehabilitation. Data was obtained from patients attending an outpatient musculoskeletal pain clinic.

Normative data for the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scales (HADS) in multiple sclerosis

Psychological distress is a common problem associated with cancer. The main objective of the present study was to test the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS in a sample of Ethiopian cancer patients and to compare the results with those obtained from a sample in Germany. Only a weak level of measurement invariance was detected between the Ethiopian and the German sample. In the Ethiopian sample, anxiety and depression were associated with tumor stage high levels in stage 4 and treatment high levels for patients not receiving surgery and chemotherapy. The high level of anxiety and depression present in that group indicates a need for psychosocial care. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the manuscript and its Supporting Information files.


Tick the box beside the reply that is closest to how you have been feeling in the past week. Don't take too long over you replies: your immediate is best. D. A. D.


Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS was originally developed by Zigmond and Snaith [1] and is commonly used by doctors to determine the levels of anxiety and depression that a person is experiencing. The HADS is a fourteen item scale that generates: Seven of the items relate to anxiety and seven relate to depression. Zigmond and Snaith created this outcome measure specifically to avoid reliance on aspects of these conditions that are also common somatic symptoms of illness, for example fatigue and insomnia or hypersomnia. This, it was hoped, would create a tool for the detection of anxiety and depression in people with physical health problems. Each item on the questionnaire is scored from and this means that a person can score between 0 and 21 for either anxiety or depression.

Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) accuracy in cancer patients

The hospital anxiety and depression scale, in patients with multiple sclerosis

Metrics details. It is used extensively in France, but has never been the subject of a full study in a population at work. The objectives of this study were to present some psychometric properties of the HADS on a large sample of French employees. The HADS questionnaire was given to salaried employees at 19 major French companies as part of their biennial occupational medical examination. In , employees filled in the questionnaire.

Anxiety and depression in pregnant women are a public health problem. Their adequate detection requires valid and reliable instruments that are also useful for prevention and treatment. With a sample of participants, a parallel analysis indicated a bifactorial structure for HADS, identified by exploratory factor analysis Factor 1: anxiety, Factor 2: depression. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale has adequate psychometric properties to be used in pregnant Mexican women. Its use in routine pregnancy controls would be useful to prevent, detect, and timely treat these conditions.

Javascript is currently disabled in your browser. Several features of this site will not function whilst javascript is disabled. Received 16 August Published 22 November Volume Pages — Review by Single anonymous peer review. Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder.


Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Instructions: Doctors are aware that emotions play an important part in most illnesses. If your doctor knows.


HADS Quick Reference Guide

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS is a self-report questionnaire designed to screen anxious and depressive states in patients in non-psychiatric settings. In spite of its large use, no agreement exists in literature on HADS accuracy in case finding. Receiver operating characteristic ROC curves were computed to identify a cut-off for anxious and depressive states in cancer patients. The area under the ROC curve was 0. This study suggested that risk scores of anxious and depressive states above specific HADS cut-offs are useful in identifying anxious and depressive states in cancer patients, and they may thus be applicable in clinical practice. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale HADS [ 1 , 2 , 3 ] is a well-known emotional distress self-report questionnaire, and it is one of the most frequently used in oncology [ 4 , 5 , 6 ] as well as in other physical health settings e. Originally, it was designed to screen emotional suffering of patients in non-psychiatric settings by detecting the two most frequent distress components: anxiety and depression.

 Сьюзан, - тихо сказал Стратмор, - с этим сначала будет трудно свыкнуться, но все же послушай меня хоть минутку.

 - Халохот улыбнулся.  - Может считать себя покойником. И он задвигал крошечными металлическими контактами на кончиках пальцев, стремясь как можно быстрее сообщить американским заказчикам хорошую новость.

Я попробовал оказать ему помощь, но все было бесполезно. - Вы делали ему искусственное дыхание. На лице старика появилось виноватое выражение.

 Может быть, хочешь воды. Она не нашлась что ответить. И проклинала .

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