basic parts of computer and its function pdf

Basic Parts Of Computer And Its Function Pdf

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The 5 different parts of a computer—taking a look under the hood

Computers internal architectural design comes in different types and sizes, but the basic structure remains same of all computer systems. Devices that are not integral part of CPU referred to as peripherals. The below section describe briefly all the computer components in a computer system. All the input unit devices provide the instructions and data are transformed into binary codes that is the primary memory acceptable format. Memory or Storage unit is used for storing Data during before and after processing.

Digital computer

A computer is any machine that can be programmed to carry out a set of algorithms and arithmetic instructions. In terms of construction, each of these main components are attached to the motherboard and then put into a protective case—resembling the clean, polished look most of us are accustomed to seeing. Sure, most computers have their own distinct design - and different brands of hardware installed - but the components listed above are standard across all computers. This is by no means intended to be an invitation to disassemble your computer, nor is it a set of instructions to do so. Without the proper knowledge, you can severely damage your computer, and importantly, doing so is unsafe.

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Component Functions. Crash - a system malfunction in which the computer stops working Hardware and Software are the two basic parts of a computer.


Parts of the Computer & Their Uses

A computer is a complex machine. While most of it works on a microscopic level, it certainly has recognizable macroscopic components that contribute to its uses. A computer can be used to do just about anything from simple calculations to preparing reports to sending rockets into space to simulating the spread of cancer in body organs. And yet, for all that complexity, the building blocks of the average computer are easy enough for anyone to understand.

The 5 different parts of a computer—taking a look under the hood

We use cookies on our websites to deliver our online services. Details about how we use cookies and how you may disable them are set out in our Privacy Statement. By using this website you agree to our use of cookies. Posted: July 23, by David Both Sudoer. The legacies of earlier designs, such as Babbage's difference engine and the mainframe punch card systems of the s, have a significant impact on today's computer systems.

Digital computer , any of a class of devices capable of solving problems by processing information in discrete form. It operates on data, including magnitudes, letters, and symbols, that are expressed in binary code —i. By counting, comparing, and manipulating these digits or their combinations according to a set of instructions held in its memory , a digital computer can perform such tasks as to control industrial processes and regulate the operations of machines; analyze and organize vast amounts of business data; and simulate the behaviour of dynamic systems e.

A computer is a machine that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming. Modern computers have the ability to follow generalized sets of operations, called programs. These programs enable computers to perform an extremely wide range of tasks. A "complete" computer including the hardware , the operating system main software , and peripheral equipment required and used for "full" operation can be referred to as a computer system. This term may as well be used for a group of computers that are connected and work together, in particular a computer network or computer cluster. Computers are used as control systems for a wide variety of industrial and consumer devices.


of the most expensive parts of the hardware. (4) Expansion Cards: Circuit boards that can be inserted to add functionality to a computer system (for example: two primary kinds: mechanical drives that use a mechanical arm to read and write that holds and connects various components of the computer and allows their.


5 parts of a computer

The basic parts of a desktop computer are the computer case , monitor , keyboard , mouse , and power cord. Each part plays an important role whenever you use a computer. Looking for the old version of this video? You can still view it here. The computer case is the metal and plastic box that contains the main components of the computer, including the motherboard, central processing unit CPU , and power supply. Computer cases come in different shapes and sizes. A desktop case lies flat on a desk, and the monitor usually sits on top of it.

Computer Hardware

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