thermodynamics and kinetics of micelle formation pdf

Thermodynamics And Kinetics Of Micelle Formation Pdf

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Micelles pp Cite as. One of the most characteristic properties of amphiphilic molecules is their capacity to aggregate in solutions. The aggregation process depends, of course, on the amphiphilic species and the condition of the system in which they are dissolved. The abrupt change in many physicochemical properties seen in aqueous solutions of amphiphilic molecules or surfactants with long hydrophobic chains when a specific concentration is exceeded is attributed to the formation of oriented colloidal aggregates.

A Cooperative Model for Micelle Formation

JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. The thermodynamics and kinetics of precipitation of anionic surfactants and surfactant mixtures. PDF 4. Author Rodriguez, Cheryl Haskins. Metadata Show full item record. Abstract An important characteristic of ionic surfactants is their tendency to precipitate from aqueous solution.

Either your web browser doesn't support Javascript or it is currently turned off. In the latter case, please turn on Javascript support in your web browser and reload this page. Antimicrobial lipopeptides AMLPs are antimicrobial drug candidates that preferentially target microbial membranes. One class of AMLPs, composed of cationic tetrapeptides attached to an acyl chain, have minimal inhibitory concentrations in the micromolar range against a range of bacteria and fungi. Previously, we used coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulations and free energy methods to study the thermodynamics of their interaction with membranes in their monomeric state. Here, we extended the study to the biologically relevant micellar state, using, to our knowledge, a novel reaction coordinate based on hydrophobic contacts.

Thermodynamics of Micelle Formation and Membrane Fusion Modulate Antimicrobial Lipopeptide Activity

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The thermodynamic values of the four surfactants, anionic surfactants, nonionic surfactants, zwitterion surfactants and gemini surfactants, were calculated by molecular dynamics simulation. The calculated results of thermodynamic parameters showed that the four surfactant can form micelles spontaneously. The mainly force for micellization process is entropy-driven, and as the temperature increases, the entropy-driven contribution is gradually reduced. There are linear enthalpy—entropy compensation phenomena for the four surfactants. Among the studied four surfactants, the gemini surfactant is the easiest to form micelles and has good stability, the zwitterion surfactant is the second, and the anionic surfactant is the least stable.

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Mirror Symmetry Breaking in Micelles of N-Stearoyl Serine Enantiomers

The thermodynamics of micelle formation have been investigated for several decades 1 , but because micelles are labile structures, stabilized by relatively weak hydrophobic and dispersive forces, only in the past few years has it become possible to carry out kinetic studies on the rates of formation and breakdown of micelles, following developments in instrumentation for the measurement of fast reaction rates in solution. Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF. Skip to main content. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available. Advertisement Hide. A Cooperative Model for Micelle Formation.

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