Nonverbal Communication Forms And Functions Pdf
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- Types of Nonverbal Communication
- 4.1 Principles and Functions of Nonverbal Communication
- Nonverbal Communication: Definition, Types, Importance (Explained)
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Types of Nonverbal Communication
Oral communication only relies on one channel, because spoken language is transmitted through sound and picked up by our ears. Nonverbal communication, on the other hand, can be taken in by all five of our senses. Since most of our communication relies on visual and auditory channels, those will be the focus of this chapter. But we can also receive messages and generate meaning through touch, taste, and smell. Touch is an especially powerful form of nonverbal communication that we will discuss in this chapter, but we will not get into taste and smell, which have not received as much scholarly attention in relation to nonverbal communication as the other senses.
Body language is the use of physical behavior, expressions, and mannerisms to communicate nonverbally, often done instinctively rather than consciously. All of your nonverbal behaviors—the gestures you make, your posture, your tone of voice, how much eye contact you make—send strong messages. In some instances, what comes out of your mouth and what you communicate through your body language may be two totally different things. When faced with such mixed signals, the listener has to choose whether to believe your verbal or nonverbal message. However, by improving how you understand and use nonverbal communication, you can express what you really mean, connect better with others, and build stronger, more rewarding relationships.
4.1 Principles and Functions of Nonverbal Communication
The nonverbal way is the most commonly used communication medium in the world in culture. Instead of written or oral words , it relies on various non-verbal cues like physical movements, tasks, colors, signs, symbols, signals charts, etc. Although no word is used in non-verbal communication, it can effectively communicate many human feelings more accurately than verbal methods of communication. Eye contact, an important channel of interpersonal communication , helps regulate the flow of communication. And it signals interest in others. Teachers who make eye contact open the flow of communication and convey interest, concern, warmth, and credibility.
The human voice is capable of making a wide variety of sounds. From a psychological point of view, what is interesting is that only some configurations of sounds are meaningful to others. There are the words we choose, which are combinations of sounds that symbolically represent various concepts we are trying to communicate. But even those sounds that compose words have variations that can impart meaning independent of those words — even to the point of changing their meaning entirely. In fact, when we speak we unleash three distinct types of information upon listeners through our voices, of which one is verbal, while the other two are nonverbal. Thus we can separate the voice channel into three different subchannels.
A substantial portion of our communication is nonverbal. Experts have found that every day we respond to thousands of nonverbal cues and behaviors including postures, facial expressions, eye gaze, gestures, and tone of voice. From our handshakes to our hairstyles, nonverbal details reveal who we are and impact how we relate to other people. Nonverbal communication types include facial expressions, gestures, paralinguistics such as loudness or tone of voice, body language, proxemics or personal space, eye gaze, haptics touch , appearance, and artifacts. Scientific research on nonverbal communication and behavior began with the publication of Charles Darwin's The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals. Since that time, abundant research has been conducted regarding types, effects, and expressions of unspoken communication and behavior. While these signals are often so subtle that we are not consciously aware of them, research has identified several different nine types of nonverbal communication.
Nonverbal Communication: Definition, Types, Importance (Explained)
Why is important? Your nonverbal communication skills can create a positive or a negative impression. Crossed arms can seem defensive. Poor posture may appear unprofessional. If your skills aren't top-notch, you can practice them so you make a positive impression on everyone you meet in the workplace and beyond.
Now that you have learned about the general principles that apply to nonverbal communication, here are eight types of nonverbal communication to further understand this challenging aspect of communication:.