List Of All Vitamins And Minerals And Their Functions Pdf
File Name: list of all vitamins and minerals and their functions .zip
Vitamins and Minerals
They include:. The best way for your child to get enough vitamins and minerals is by eating a wide variety of foods from the five healthy food groups :. Our bodies absorb vitamins, minerals and other nutrients better when they come from food, rather than from vitamin and mineral supplements. Vitamin A You get vitamin A from liver, meat, milk, eggs, and orange fruit and vegies like carrots and sweet potatoes. You need vitamin A for eyesight, healthy skin, growth, development and good immune function.
A Harvard Health article. Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients because they perform hundreds of roles in the body. There is a fine line between getting enough of these nutrients which is healthy and getting too much which can end up harming you. Eating a healthy diet remains the best way to get sufficient amounts of the vitamins and minerals you need. Every day, your body produces skin, muscle, and bone.
In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life. Nutrient minerals, being elements, cannot be synthesized biochemically by living organisms. The trace elements that have a specific biochemical function in the human body are sulfur , iron , chlorine , cobalt , copper , zinc , manganese , molybdenum , iodine , and selenium. Most chemical elements that are ingested by organisms are in the form of simple compounds. Plants absorb dissolved elements in soils, which are subsequently ingested by the herbivores and omnivores that eat them, and the elements move up the food chain. Larger organisms may also consume soil geophagia or use mineral resources, such as salt licks , to obtain limited minerals unavailable through other dietary sources. Bacteria and fungi play an essential role in the weathering of primary elements that results in the release of nutrients for their own nutrition and for the nutrition of other species in the ecological food chain.
Vitamins and Minerals – Deficiency Diseases
A vitamin is an organic molecule or a set of molecules closely related chemically, i. Essential nutrients cannot be synthesized in the organism, either at all or not in sufficient quantities, and therefore must be obtained through the diet. Vitamin C can be synthesized by some species but not by others; it is not a vitamin in the first instance but is in the second. The term vitamin does not include the three other groups of essential nutrients : minerals , essential fatty acids , and essential amino acids. For example, there are eight vitamers of vitamin E : four tocopherols and four tocotrienols.
Skip to main content. Search form Search. Functional foods list pdf. Functional foods list pdf functional foods list pdf Functional foods can provide health functional foods by illustrating the connections among the different disciplines needed to understand foods and nutrients, mainly: food science, nutrition, pharmacology, toxicology and manufacturing tech-nology. If you do not have symptoms, you may eat them. However, foods are mostly complex mixtures of macro- and micro- components that can trap active compound, modulate its release or inhibit its activity Chen et al.
Since some vitamins are fat soluble need fat to be absorbed meats, oils, and dairy tend to be a better source than leafy vegetables or fruits. Essential for DNA synthesis. Essential for healthy function of red blood cells and brain. They might need to take supplements. According to … Contents. Legumes The chart below provides examples of some raw fruits and vegetables that are exceptionally rich in vitamin C. Different types of vitamins and minerals enable healthy body function.
Vitamins and Minerals Chart 1 ieee-citisia.org Vitamins Vitamin A. • Growth and development. • Immune function. • Red blood cell formation.
Listing of vitamins
Beth Bolt began her career in the health sciences by graduating from the University of Colorado School of Pharmacy in Beth has worked as a community and home health pharmacist for more than 20 years and turned her passion for educating people on their health and medications into a medical writing career. She has authored articles for several publications on a variety of health-related topics and has logged thousands of hours writing drug monographs and answering Ask the Pharmacist questions in an online format.
The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels.
Jump to content. The tables below list the vitamins , what they do in the body their functions , and their sources in food. Water-soluble vitamins travel freely through the body, and excess amounts usually are excreted by the kidneys. The body needs water-soluble vitamins in frequent, small doses. These vitamins are not as likely as fat-soluble vitamins to reach toxic levels.
The list of vitamins and minerals below can give you an understanding of how particular different types of vitamins and minerals work in your body, how much of each nutrient you need every day , and what types of food to eat to ensure that you are getting an adequate supply. The recommendations in this vitamins chart are based largely on guidelines from the Institute of Medicine.